Structural geology field trip

Within their structural geology course, the third-year geology students were taken to the field trip to mountains near Almaty during the weekend (25-26 September). The purpose of this two days geology field trip, led by Professor Manhal Sirat, was to explain the structural development of the northern part of the Tian Shan Mountains, in relation with the collision between the Indian subcontinent and Eurasia, which started about 50 million years ago.

During these two days, the students learned how to recognize different structures exposed on outcrops, including fractures, faults, joints, and veins, as well as foliations, lineations, and minor folds. They also performed structural measurements on fractures, which they reported as stereographic projections. Different fracture sets were revealed, which could be related to changes in the tectonic conditions, which controlled the deformation of rocks during the formation of the Tian Shan Mountains.